Types of Counselling

Person Centred Counselling

It happens in "The here and now" and involves Empathy, listening, caring and unconditional positive regard.

True empathy is a hard thing to find. Often people are sympathetic which means they feel sorry for you but empathy is different.

Empathy is to try and understand how another is truly feeling and to identify with those feelings and stay with those feelings.

Unconditional positive regard is to be accepting of your client to be non-judgemental and to value that person as a human being no matter what the circumstances.


Psychodynamic Counselling

Almost all of us are a product of our past. Our parents or guardians influence us to one degree or another. During our childhood we encounter a range of experiences, some good some bad and some indifferent.

As we grow older we continue to experience different events and develop relationships with fellow human beings. All of this produces our personality. It's who we are. It's who we become.

We are a mix of emotions and thoughts and behaviours and sometimes we don't know why we behave in a certain way. We can have a tendency to repeat negative behaviour patterns. We can just feel lost or unfulfilled or just not feel very good about our self's. We can feel angry and not know why. 

Within Psychodynamic counselling we look at the past and the recent past to see what people and events may have triggered any of our current behaviours or feelings. It is hoped that by doing this positive and new outcomes are brought about. This of course is done in a safe and ethical way.


CBT Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 

Within CBT the counsellor helps a person to understand their current thinking patterns. The purpose of this is to indentify errors of thinking or unhelpful or harmful thoughts. These unhelpful thoughts can lead to false beliefs which in turn can trigger such things as panic attacks or anxiety or sometimes just a false sense of a situation which can put a person on edge.

Once the errors of thinking have been identified, a change of thinking can be employed which in turn switches off the irrational beliefs and allows the person to view a situation in a more realistic and helpful way.


Solution Focus Therapy

Counselling can help to look at a situation from a different perspective and a positive solution can often be found and implemented. The interrogative approach would sometimes include SFT or Solution Focus Therapy.

Solution Focus Therapy can be particularly useful in bringing about relatively quick outcomes and can be beneficial to men and women; however, men generally warm to this type of counselling as by its nature it is about providing solutions to ones problems. It's a safe and fast way to an outcome rather than spending a lot of time going over past events.


Cedar Tree Counselling can offer supervision for Trainee Counsellors, Counsellors and clinical supervision.  Please contact for further information on these services.